What is Liver Cyst ?
Liver Cysts (also called hepatic cysts) are fluid-filled sacs that occur in the liver of roughly 5% of the population.
What are the causes of Liver Cysts?
- Simple Cysts are present from birth
- Echinococcosis is an infection by a species of tapeworm specifically, the larval stage of the Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) and Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) species produces liver cysts in humans.
- Cystadenoma and Cystadenocarcinoma represent benign and cancerous cystic tumors, respectively.
- Polycystic Liver Disease (PLD) is a rare genetic disorder signified by the presence of greater than 20 liver cysts.
What are the symptoms of Liver Cyst ?
Liver cysts generally do not affect liver function and may remain asymptomatic for years. When cysts become enlarged, they can rupture or push against other organs, causing bloating, a feeling of fullness, and a sudden pain in the upper right abdominal region.
How can we diagnose the Liver Cyst ?
Liver cysts are primarily diagnosed (often by chance) using imaging techniques such as a CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI.
What are the treatment option for the cysts?
Most cysts do not require treatment and go away on their own. Symptomatic cysts that become enlarged or malignant are removed surgically. In some PLD patients, liver transplantation is required.
- Surgery Complete removal of liver cysts is the best method of treatment, especially with cases of cystadenoma and cystadenocarcinoma. This is done using laparoscopy, a minimally invasive surgical procedure
- Drug Therapy Parasitic cysts caused by echinococcosis are often treated with a combination of surgery and up to two years of chemotherapy to reduce symptoms. A course of drugs to treat parasitic worms may also be prescribed.
For More about Laparoscopy in Liver Cysts, you can reach directly to Dr. Mradul Garg at +91-9560413585